How do gangs compete for extortion? Using detailed data on individual extortion payments to gangs and sales from a leading wholesale distributor of consumer goods and pharmaceuticals in El Salvador, Professor Sviatschi and her co-authors document evidence on the determinants of extortion payments and the effects of extortion on firms and consumers. They exploit a 2016 non-aggression pact between gangs to examine how collusion affects extortion in areas where gangs previously competed.
By the end of 2020, 1 out of every 6 children was living in a region affected by violence and armed conflict. Repeated and traumatic exposure violence at an early age can severely affect children’s mental health and can therefore hinder healthy development and derail their life trajectories. In this paper Professor Moya and his co-authors report the results from a cluster-based randomized trial of Semillas de Apego, a community-based psychosocial model for mothers of young children affected by violence and forced displacement.
To our dear Non-Indian friends and classmates:
Check on your Indian Friends.
Check if they’re okay.
Most of us are not.
We are anxious.
We are scared.
We are exhausted.
The Jackson Institute and the Yale Law School Center for Global Legal Challenges will co-host the discussion, “Global Migration and Movement Across Borders,” featuring: Monette Zard, Allan Rosenfield Associate Professor of Forced Migration and Health, Director of the Forced Migration and Health Program, Heilbrunn Department of Population and Family Health Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health; and Demetrios G. Papademetriou, Distinguished Transatlantic Fellow, co-Founder, and President Emeritus, Migration Policy Institute.
Professor Sandra Rozo studies the electoral effects of the arrival of 1.3 million Venezuelan refugees in Colombia as a consequence of the Venezuelan humanitarian crisis. She exploits the fact that forced migrants disproportionately locate in places with earlier settlements of Venezuelans after the intensification of the crisis. She finds that larger migration shocks increase voters’ turnout and shift votes from left- to right-wing political ideologies.