Factors associated with HIV acquisition in the context of humanitarian crises: a scoping review protocol

The objective of this scoping review is to describe the global evidence on factors associated with HIV acquisition among individuals affected by humanitarian crises. Introduction: Humanitarian crises are described as an event or series of events originating from natural causes or human intervention that represents a critical threat to the health, safety, security, and well-being of a community. Humanitarian crises have generated a continued rise in the number of displaced persons worldwide. This forcible displacement may increase the risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among the affected populations through poverty, food insecurity, social instability, and lack of access to health services during and after a crisis. Understanding factors that may contribute to HIV acquisition among these populations will allow stakeholders to be better equipped in providing HIV prevention services and programs in humanitarian settings and to prioritize research efforts. Inclusion criteria: This review will consider studies containing empirical data published in peer-reviewed and gray literature that investigate factors associated with HIV acquisition in populations affected by humanitarian crises caused by natural disasters and human-made complex emergencies.

DOI: 10.11124/jbies-21-00135

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